What Title 42 and Mexico’s Residence Policy Mean for Child Asylum Seekers


What were the Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP), also known as the “Remain in Mexico” policy?

The US government enacted the Migrant Protection Protocols in January 2019. This policy required Mexican migrants to wait outside the United States for the duration of their immigration process.

The MPP deported more than 70,000 people – including 13,000 children – to overcrowded border camps in dangerous Mexican cities, where they waited for months or years at a stretch.

The recent Supreme Court decision to strike down the program marked an important victory for advocates and countless migrant children and families.

What is Title 42 and how does it differ from Migrant Protection Protocols?

The MPP allowed individuals and families to apply for asylum in the United States, but forced them to wait for the completion of their immigration process in Mexico. When Title 42 was enacted in March 2020, it closed the US border to all asylum seekers, citing public health risks that are not based on scientific evidence.

What does the Supreme Court’s decision to overturn the MPP mean for asylum-seeking children and families?

The Supreme Court’s decision to overturn the MPP is a significant victory for asylum seekers. Migrants in urgent need will no longer be forced to wait in unsafe Mexican cities while their asylum claims are being processed. However, because Title 42 remains in place, many families will still be deported without being able to apply for asylum.

Children and families fleeing violence, persecution and extreme poverty deserve to be welcomed with dignity and compassion.

How did Save the Children advocate against the MPP and Title 42?

From the very early days of MPP and Title 42, Save the Children and its policy advocacy arm, Save the Children Action Network, advocated on behalf of migrants in dire need. We are working closely with our partners and the Biden administration to secure the reversal of both policies and provide recommendations on how to build a more humane immigration system.

Together, we continue to mobilize so that families seeking asylum stay together and are treated with dignity and respect.

Going forward, what will Save the Children do to advocate against Title 42?

Seeking security is never a crime. Our nation cannot deliver on its promise to protect children at risk until we ensure that every last asylum seeker is safe from violence and abuse.

Save the Children calls on the Biden administration to quickly find a solution that best serves the interests of migrant children and families. Our government cannot continue to use public health policy to temporarily distract from the crisis we have created on our southern border.

We demand permanent protections for asylum seekers and a fairer and more humane immigration system.

How can I help children and families affected by the US border crisis?

As Save the Children helps meet the urgent needs of children and families, your donation to the US Border Crisis Children’s Relief can support our work on the US-Mexico border.

How is Save the Children working in Mexico to help asylum-seeking children and families affected by migrant protection protocols?

Save the Children US is in constant partnership with Save the Children Mexico to provide vital support to families impacted by MPP and Title 42. From our joint advocacy efforts to the services we provide at shelters across the country, we continue to work hand in hand to protect children and families in urgent need.


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